Brassica juncea

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Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. (Brassicaceae)

Noms malgaches :

Nom vernaculaire : Moutarde de l'Inde.

Le genre Brassica comprend 30 espèces eurasiennes (Mabberley, 1989).

Pantropicale, originaire d'Éthiopie, connue depuis l'Antiquité.

Cultivée comme légume. C'est une plante herbacée d'un mètre environ, à fleurs jaunes; les siliques ne sont pas appliquées contre le rachis de l'inflorescence, comme la moutarde noire mais écartées et dressées. La graine est noire.

Graines + gousses, réticulées, moins actives que la moutarde noire (Brassica nigra Koch) elle est cependant la plus cultivée actuellement. (Bézanger-Beauquesne et al., 1990).

Essence renferme 40 % allylsénévol et 50 % crotomylsénévol.

Chimie :

  • Effect of gibberellic acid spray and basal nitrogen and phosphorus on productivity and fatty acid composition of rapeseed-mustard, par Khan, N. A.; Ansari, H. R.; Samiullah, in J. Agron. Crop Sci . 1997. 179 (1) : 29-33.
  • Volatile allelochemicals released by crucifer green manures, par Vaughn, Steven F.; Boydston, Rick A., in J. Chem. Ecol . 1997. 23 (9) : 2107-2116.
  • Influence of subsoil zinc on dry matter production, seed yield and distribution of zinc in oilseed rape genotypes differing in zinc efficiency, par Grewal, Harsharn Singh; Zhonggu, Lu; Graham, Robin D., in Plant Soil. 1997. 192 (2) : 181-189.
  • Lesquerella fatty acid hydroxylase gene and production of unsaturated fatty acids in genetically modified plants, par Broun, Pierre; Van De Loo, Frank; Boddupalli, Sekhar S. ; Somerville, Chris, in PCT International ; WO 9730582 A1. 1997/08/28. APPLICATION: WO 97US2187 (19970206) *US 597313 (19960206) : 119 pp .
  • Potential antioxidants from minor dietary constituents, par Kumari, M. V. Ramana, in Food Free Radicals, (Proc. Symp.), 1st EDITOR: Hiramatsu, Midori (Ed), Yoshikawa, Toshikazu (Ed), Inoue, Masayasu (Ed),. 1997 : 123-128.
  • Production of hydroxylated fatty acids in genetically modified plants, especially oil-producing plant transgenosis using fatty acid hydroxylase gene, par Somerville, Chris; Broun, Pierre; Van De Loo, Frank J., in PCT International ; WO 9610075 A1. 1996/04/04. APPLICATION: WO 95US11855 (950925) *US 314596 (940926) *US 320982 (941011) : 104 pp .
  • Germinating Rapeseed as Biocatalyst: Hydrolysis of Oils Containing Common and Unusual Fatty Acids, par Jachmanian, Ivan; Mukherjee, Kumar D., in J. Agric. Food Chem . 1995. 43 (11) : 2997-3000.
  • Lipid composition of developing mustard (Brassica juncea L.) seeds, influenced by siliqua position on the terminal inflorescence, par Munshi, S. K.; Kumari, Anita; Gupta, M. L., in J. Plant Sci. Res . 1994. 9 (1-4) : 42-44.
  • Pod wall and seed composition influenced by different positions in mature mustard inflorescence, par Munshi, S. K.; Kochhar, Anuradha, in J. Plant Sci. Res . 1994. 9 (1-4) : 30-32.
  • Quality Characteristics of Yellow-Seeded Brassica Seed Meals: Protein, Carbohydrate, and Dietary Fiber Components, par Simbaya, Joseph; Slominski, Bogdan A.; Rakow, Gerhard; Campbell, Lloyd D.; Downey, R. Keith; Bell, J. Milton, in J. Agric. Food Chem . 1995. 43 (8) : 2062-2066.
  • Effect of pre-sowing GA3 treatment on carbohydrate composition in subsequently obtained mustard seeds, par Saran, B., in New Agric . 1993. 4 (2) : 177-178.
  • Lipid components of mustard seeds (Brassica juncea L.) as influenced by cadmium levels, par Gaur, A.; Gupta, S. K., in Plant Foods Hum. Nutr. (Dordrecht, Neth.). 1994. 46 (2) : 93-102.
  • Ethylene production during development of mustard (Brassica juncea) and canola (Brassica napus) seed, par Johnson-Flanagan, Anne M.; Spencer, Mary S., in Plant Physiol . 1994. 106 (2) : 601-606.
  • Proline in relation to free radical production in seedlings of Brassica juncea raised under sodium chloride stress, par Saradhi, Alia, P. Pardha; Mohanty, Prasanna, in Dev. Plant Soil Sci . 1993. 54 (Plant Nutrition) : 731-734.
  • Effect of pre-sowing GA3 treatment on protein and oil composition in subsequently obtained mustard seeds, par Saran, B., in Geobios (Jodhpur, India). 1994. 21 (1) : 60-63.
  • Physical characteristics of silique and lipid composition of seeds located at different positions in mature mustard inflorescence, par Munshi, Satish K.; Kumari, Anita, in J. Sci. Food Agric . 1994. 64 (3) : 289-293.
  • Proline in relation to free radical production in seedlings of Brassica juncea raised under sodium chloride stress, par Alia; Saradhi, P. Pardha; Mohanty, Prasanna, in Plant Soil. 1993. 155-156 : 497-500.
  • Changes in oil content and fatty acid composition in developing seeds of high-erucic mustard (Brassica juncea) varieties, par Awasthi, P. K.; Pathak, R. K., in Agrochimica. 1993. 37 (1-2) : 77-85.
  • Allyl thiocyanate - natural product or artifact in crucifer extracts, par Slater, G. P., in Chromatographia. 1992. 34 (9-10) : 461-467.
  • Dissipation of phosphamidon and its effect on the change of some biomolecules of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L. Czern and Coss), par Choudhury, Partha P.; Das, Asit K.; Sukul, P., in Toxicol. Environ. Chem . 1992. 36 (3-4) : 181-188.
  • Effect of phenolic compounds on growth, yield and quality of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea), par Setia, R. C.; Richa; Setia, Neelam; Malik, C. P., in Proc. Indian Natl. Sci. Acad., Part B. 1991. 57 (6) : 407-412.
  • Effect of mutagens on yield and its component characters in mustard par Mahla, S. V. S.; Mor, B. R.; Yadava, J. S., in Haryana Agric. Univ. J. Res . 1990. 20 (4) : 259-264.
  • Effect of growth regulators on the productivity of some major oilseed crops, par Ghosh, R. K.; Mandal, Bikash Kumar; Chatterjee, B. N., in J. Agron. Crop Sci . 1991. 167 (4) : 221-228.
  • Alterations in lipid composition of seed oil from Brassica juncea upon infection by Cuscuta reflexa, par Mishra, Sanjay; Sanwal, Girdhar G., in J. Agric. Food Chem . 1992. 40 (1) : 52-55.
  • Effect of pre-sowing IAA treatment on biochemical constituents in subsequently obtained seeds of Brassica juncea var. BR 23, par Saran, B., in Geobios (Jodhpur, India). 1991. 18 (2-3) : 129-131.
  • Effects of morphactin and TIBA on yield components in Brassica juncea, par Setia, Neelam; Vaid, Neelam; Setia, R. C.; Malik, C. P., in Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., India, Sect. B. 1989. 59 (4) : 431-434.
  • Determination of iron in foods by the atomic absorption, spectrophotometric and colorimetric methods, par Siong, Tee E.; Choo, Khor Swan; Shahid, Siti Mizura, in Pertanika. 1989. 12 (3) : 313-322.
  • Effect of Mixtalol on growth, yield and yield components of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) (Erratum to document cited in CA111(11):92280c), par Setia, R. C.; Richa; Setia, Neelam; Ahuja, K. L.; Malik, C. P., in Plant Growth Regul . 1989. 8 (4) : 379.
  • Effect of phenolic compounds on some biochemical parameters during seed development in Raya (Brassica juncea (L) Czern and Coss), par Sharma, Rajinder; Singh, Lakhvir, in J. Plant Sci. Res . 1988. 4 (1-4) : 69-72.
  • Lipid composition of rapeseed and mustard genotypes in Iraq, par Sosulski, F. W.; Gadan, H. M.; Essa, T. A.; Al-Samaraie, A. M. ; Hameedy, I. H., in Lebensm.-Wiss. Technol . 1989. 22 (1) : 29-31.
  • Effect of Mixtalol on growth, yield and yield components of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea), par Setia, R. C.; Richa, Setia, Neelam; Ahuja, K. L.; Malik, C. P., in Plant Growth Regul . 1989. 8 (2) : 185-192.
  • Aflatoxin production by Aspergillus parasiticus on seeds and cakes of Brassica cultivars under varied moisture and temperature regime, par Sharma, Neeraj; Chand, Laxmi; Garg, G. K., in Curr. Sci . 1988. 57 (15) : 846-848.
  • Comparison of various fractions of mustard and rape seeds for their amenability to detoxification, par Shah, F. H.; Niazi, A. H. K.; Mahmood, Ejaz, in Pak. J. Sci. Ind. Res . 1987. 30 (2) : 111-114.
  • Yield, oil content and fatty acid composition evaluated in androgenetic plants in Brassica juncea, par George, L.; Abraham, V.; Suryavanshi, D. R.; Sipahimalani, A. T.; Srinivasan, V. T., in Plant Breed . 1987. 98 (1) : 72-74.
  • Effects of thiol compounds on the formation of nitriles from glucosinolates, par Uda, Yasushi; Kurata, Tadao; Arakawa, Nobuhiko, in Agric. Biol. Chem . 1986. 50 (11) : 2741-2746.
  • Oil content and fatty acid composition of mustard seed (Brassica juncea L) obtained through tissue culture, par George, L.; Suryavanshi, D. R.; Sipahimalani, A. T.; Srinivasan, V. T., in Proc. Indian Natl. Sci. Acad., Part B. 1985. 51 (4) : 511-514.
  • The influence of temperature and photoperiod on fat content, fatty acid composition, and tocopherols of rapeseed (Brassica napus) and mustard species (Sinapis alba, Brassica juncea, and Brassica nigra), par Marquard, R., in Agrochimica. 1985. 29 (2-3-4) : 145-153.
  • Detoxification process for Brassica juncea seed products, par McGregor, Douglas Ian, in Britain UK Pat. Appl. ; GB 2113970 A1.1983/08/17. APPLICATION: GB 8236125 (821220) *GB 81/38427 (811221) : 12 pp .
  • Carbohydrate composition of mustard (Brassica juncea) seed meal, par Kanya, T. C. Sindhu; Urs, M. Kantharaj, in J. Food Sci. Technol . 1983. 20 (3) : 125-126.
  • Changes in chemical and fatty acid composition during the last phase of maturation of seeds of two Indian mustard cultivars (Brassica juncea), par Das Gupta, S. K., in Indian J. Biochem. Biophys . 1974. 11 (3) : 263-264.
  • Effect of cycocel on growth, yield, and chemical composition of Raya (Brassica juncea), par Pandya, R. B.; Khao, M. I.; Gupta, S. K.; Arora, S. K., in Biochem. Physiol. Pflanz . 1974. 165 (3) : 283-289.
  • Chemical composition and yield of raya (Brassica juncea (L.) Czern and Coss) as affected by chemical treatment, par Arora, S. K.; Gupta, S. K.; Khan, M. I.; Yadava, T. P., in Haryana Agr. Univ. J. Res . 1971. 1 (3) : 24-27.