Cannabis sativa

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Cannabis sativa L. (Cannabaceae)

Cannabis sativa

Noms malgaches :

Noms vernaculaires : Chanvre indien, haschisch, marijuana, Rongony, originaire d'Asie. Résine : cannabine, haschichine,

Renfermant un aldéhyde-phénol : cannabinol produit actif. Essence : sesquiterpène (cannabène) + hydrocarbure. Excitant des centres nerveux supérieurs. Ivresse exhilarante puis sommeil lourd. Amène incoordination intellectuelle, délire, folie (Beille)

Nom vernaculaire : Chanvre indien : Stimulant, inébriant, sédatif (DARUTY, 1911). Cannabine

Nom vernaculaire : Gandia (Hindi): narcotique, stupéfiant, hallucinant, névroses en général. Haschicine et Tétano-canabine (DARUTY, 1911).

Dr. Fontoynont : A propos de l'intoxication des malgaches par le Rongony (chanvre) Cannabis sativa L., in Bull. Soc. Path. exot. XXXI (1938), 5 p. 446-448. B. Korean : Note sur le chanvre indien, in Bull. Sc. Pharm. XIX, 10 (oct. 1912), p. 599.


Chimie :

• Antinutritive compounds in different oilseeds, par Matthaus, Bertrand, in Fett/Lipid. 1997. 99 (5) : 170-174.

• Simultaneous separation and identification of hashish constituents by coupled liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS), par Rustichelli, C.; Ferioli, V.; Vezzalini, F.; Rossi, M. C.; Gamberini, G., in Chromatographia. 1996. 43 (3/4) : 129-134.

• The Volatile Oil Composition of Fresh and Air-Dried Buds of Cannabis sativa L., par Ross, Samir A.; ElSohly, Mahmoud A., in J. Nat. Prod.. 1996. 59 (1) : 49-51.

• Manufacture of fashioned articles from sheets having a highly inorganically filled organic polymer matrix, par Andersen, Per J.; Hodson, Simon K., in United States ; US 5506046 A. 960409 APPLICATION: US 158824 (931124) *US 929898 (920811) *US 982383 (921125) *US 95662 (930721) *US 101500 (930803) *US 152354 (931119) : 91 pp. .

• Contribution of extractives to methanogenic toxicity of hemp black liquor, par Kortekaas, Sjon; Soto, Manuel; Vicent, Teresa; Field, Jim A.; Lettinga, Gatze, in J. Ferment. Bioeng.. 1995. 80 (4) : 383-388.

• Quantitative analysis of THC, 11-OH-THC, and THCCOOH in human hair by negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry, par Wilkins, Diana; Haughey, Heather; Cone, Edward; Huestis, Marilyn; Foltz, Rodger; Rollins, Douglas, in J. Anal. Toxicol.. 1995. 19 (6) : 483-491.

• Development of marijuana and tobacco detectors using potassium-40 gamma ray emissions, par Kirby, John; Lindquist, Roy P., in Proc. SPIE-Int. Soc. Opt. Eng.. 1994. 2276 (Cargo Inspection Technologies) : 374-382.

• Drug and tobacco detection using neutron transmission/attenuation, par Miller, T. Gill, in Proc. SPIE-Int. Soc. Opt. Eng.. 1994. 2276 (Cargo Inspection Technologies) : 200-209.

• Combined HPLC analysis of organic acids and furans formed during organosolv pulping of fiber hemp, par Gosselink, Richard J. A.; van Dam, Jan E. G.; Zomers, Frans H. A. in J. Wood Chem. Technol.. 1995. 15 (1) : 1-25.

• Articles of manufacture including containers and packaging materials, and hydraulically settable and inorganic filler-containing mixtures and process and systems for their manufacture, par Andersen, Per Just; Hodson, Simon K., in PCT International ; WO 9419172 A1. 940901 APPLICATION: WO 94US2111 (940217) *US 19151 (930217) *US 95662 (930721) *US 101500 (930803) *US 152354 (931119) : 335 pp..

• Analysis of the headspace vapors of marijuana and marijuana cigaret smoke using ion-mobility spectrometry/mass spectrometry (IMS/MS), par Kim, S. H.; Spangler, G. E., in Instrum. Trace Org. Monit. EDITOR: Clement, R. E. (Ed), Siu, K. W. M. (Ed), Hill, Herbert H., Jr. (Ed). 1992) : 65-117.

• Antibody-coated crystal chemical sensor, par Vali, Victor; Bates, Kenn S.; Pierce, Brian M.; Chang, David B. ASSIGNEE: Hughes Aircraft Co. in European Pat. Appl. ; EP 453224 A2. 1991/10/23 APPLICATION: EP 91303341 (910416) *US 511707 (900420)) : 8 p.

• Identification of narcotic substances in hemp, par Szulc, Czeslaw; Zarzecka, Renata; Szuchnik, Andrzej, in Forensic Sci. Int.. 1990. 46 (1-2) : 117-120.

• Variation in the THC content of illicitly imported Cannabis products-1984-1989, par Pitts, J. E.; O'Neil. P. J.; Leggo, K. P., in J. Pharm. Pharmacol.. 1990. 42 (12) : 817-820.

• Batch digester studies on biogas production from Cannabis sativa, water hyacinth and crop wastes mixed with dung and poultry litter, par Mallik, M. K.; Singh, U. K.; Ahmad, N., in Biol. Wastes. 1990. 31 (4) : 315-319.

• Determination of .DELTA.1-tetrahydrocannabinol in human fat biopsies from marijuana users by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, par Johansson, Eva; Noren, Koidu; Sjoevall, Jan; Halldin, Magnus M., in Biomed. Chromatogr.. 1989. 3 (1) : 35-38.

• Chromatographic study of the effect of higher temperatures on changes in the content of some cannabinoid substances in Cannabis samples, par Hanus, Lumir; Krejci, Z., in Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Fac. Med.. 1987. 116,) : 37-46.

• Our experience with identification and separation of compounds from marijuana (Cannabis sativa L.) by thin layer chromatography, par Hanus, Lumir, in Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Fac. Med.. 1987. 116,) : 15-24.

• UV-B radiation effects on photosynthesis, growth and cannabinoid production of two Cannabis sativa chemotypes, par Lydon, John; Teramura, Alan H.; Coffman, C. Benjamin, in Photochem. Photobiol.. 1987. 46 (2) : 201-206.

• Phytochemical study of Cannabis plants cultivated in various regions of Sudan. V. Stability of Cannabis preparations on storage, par El Kheir, Y. M.; Mohamed, M. I.; Hakim, H. A., in Fitoterapia. 1986. 57 (4) : 235-237.

• Toxicological applications of gas chromatography using Fourier transform infrared spectrometry detection, par Deveaux, Marc; Huvenne, Jean Pierre, in TrAC, Trends Anal. Chem. (Pers. Ed.). 1985. 4 (6) : 149-155.

• Marijuana smoke production and delivery system, par Abrams, R. M.; Davis, K. H.; Jaeger, M. J.; Szeto, H. H., in Marihuana '84 (Eighty-Four), Proc. Oxford Symp. Cannabis EDITOR: Harvey, D. J (Ed). 1985 : 205-211.

• Constituents of Cannabis sativa L. XXVI. The delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol content of confiscated marijuana, 1974-1983, par ElSohly, M. A.; Holley, J. H.; Turner, C. E., in Marihuana '84 (Eighty-Four), Proc. Oxford Symp. Cannabis EDITOR: Harvey, D. J (Ed). 1985 : 37-42.

• Cannabis and central dopaminergic transmission: effect on receptor sensitivity and behavioral modulation, par Agrawal, Ashok K.; Kumar, P.; Singh, N.; Seth, Prahlad K.; Bhargava, Krishna P., in Res. Commun. Subst. Abuse. 1985. 6 (1) : 11-22.

• Multilayered test device for detecting analytes in liquid test samples, par Ebersole, Richard Calvin, in European Pat. Appl. ; EP 133700 A2. 1985/03/06 APPLICATION: EP 84109420 (840808) *US 521687 (830810)) : 21 p.

• Component glycerides of seed oils, par Tyagi, Poonam; Vasishtha, A. K., in J. Oil Technol. Assoc. India (Bombay). 1984. 15 (2) : 84-86.

• Urine excretion patterns of cannabinoids and the clinical application of the EMIT-d.a.u. cannabinoid urine assay for substance abuse treatment, par Manno, Joseph E.; Ferslew, Kenneth E.; Manno, Barbara R., in Cannabinoids: Chem., Pharmacol., Ther. Aspects, (Pap. Meet.) EDITOR: Agurell, Stig (Ed), Dewey, William L. (Ed), Willette, Robert E (Ed). 1984 : 281-290.

• Stereochemical assignments for the two enantiomeric pairs of 9,10-dihydroxy-.DELTA.6a(10a)-tetrahydrocannabinols. X-ray crystal structure analysis of (.+-.)-trans-cannabitriol, par McPhail, Andrew T.; ElSohly, Hala N.; Turner, Carlton E.; ElSohly, Mahmoud A., in J. Nat. Prod.. 1984. 47 (1) : 138-142.

• Constituents of Cannabis sativa L. XXIV: The potency of confiscated marijuana, hashish, and hash oil over a ten-year period, par ElSohly, Mahmoud A.; Holley, Janis H.; Lewis, Glenda S.; Russell, Margaret H.; Turner, Carlton E., in J. Forensic Sci.. 1984. 29 (2) : 500-514.

• A tentative identification of components in the essential oil of Cannabis sativa L. by a combination of gas chromatography negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry and retention indices par Hendriks, H.; Bruins, A. P., in Biomed. Mass Spectrom.. 1983. 10 (6) : 377-381.

• Variation in the THC content in illicitly imported Cannabis products - Part II, par Baker, P. B.; Gough, T. A.; Johncock, S. I. M.; Taylor, B. J.; Wyles, L. T., in Bull. Narc.. 1982. 34 (3-4) : 101-108.

• Packed column chromatography, high-resolution gas chromatography and high-pressure liquid chromatography in comparison for the analysis of cannabis constituents, par Barni Comparini, I.; Centini, F., in Forensic Sci. Int.. 1983. 21 (2) : 129-137.

• On the fatty acid composition of Turkish vegetable oils, par Yazicioglu, T.; Karaali, A., in Fette, Seifen, Anstrichm.. 1983. 85 (1) : 23-29.

• Nondestructive identification of textile fibers by interference microscopy, par Heuse, O.; Adolf, F. P. in J., Forensic Sci. Soc.. 1982. 22 (2) : 103-122.

• Effects of cannabis sativa extract on testicular function of Presbytis entellus entellus, par Dixit, V. P., in Planta Med.. 1981. 41 (3) : 288-294.

• Constituents of Cannabis sativa L. XVIII. Electron voltage selected ion monitoring study of cannabinoids, par Turner, Carlton E.; Bouwsma, Otis J.; Billets, Steve; Elsohly, Mahmoud A., in Biomed. Mass Spectrom.. 1980. 7 (6) : 247-256.

• Cannabinoid compounds in South African Cannabis sativa L par Field, B. I.; Arndt, R. R., in J. Pharm. Pharmacol.. 1980. 32 (1) : 21-24.

• Constituents of Cannabis sativa. XV: botanical and chemical profile of Indian variants, par Turner, C. E.; Cheng, P. C.; Lewis, G. S.; Russell, M. H.; Sharma, G. K., in Planta Med.. 1979. 37 (3) : 217-225.

• Constituents of Cannabis sativa L. XIII: stability of dosage form prepared by impregnating synthetic (-)-.DELTA.9-trans-tetrahydrocannabinol on placebo Cannabis plant material, par Lewis, Glenda S.; Turner, Carlton E., in J. Pharm. Sci.. 1978. 67 (6) : 876-878.

• Analysis and identification of Cannabis sativa L. constituents from smoke by thin layer chromatography, par Dahiya, M. S.; Jain, G. C., in Indian J. Criminol.. 1977. 5 (2) : 96-104.

• The present state of knowledge in the chemistry of substances of Cannabis sativa L. V. Addendum to part I-IV, par Hanus, L. in Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Fac. Med.. 1976. 76 : 153-166

• Cannabispirone and cannabispirenone, two naturally occurring spiro-compounds, par Bercht, C. A. L.; Van Dongen, J. P. C. M.; Heerma, W.; Lousberg, R. J. J. Ch.; Kueppers, F. J. E. M., in Tetrahedron. 1976. 32 (23) : 2939-2943.

• The present state of knowledge in the chemistry of substances of Cannabis sativa L. VI. The other contained substances, par Hanus, L., in Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Fac. Med.. 1976. 76 : 167-173

• Constituents of Cannabis sativa L. XII. Mass spectral fragmentation patterns for some Cannabinoid acids as their trimethylsilyl (TMS) derivatives, par Billets, Stephen; El-Feraly, Farouk; Fetterman, Patricia S.; Turner, Carlton E., in Org. Mass Spectrom.. 1976. 11 (7) : 741-752.

• The present state of knowledge in the chemistry of substances of Cannabis sativa L. IV. Nitrogen containing compounds, par Hanus, L., in Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Fac. Med.. 1975. 73 : 241-244.

• The present state of knowledge in the chemistry of substances of Cannabis sativa L. III. Terpenoid substances, par Hanus, L., in Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Fac. Med.. 1975. 73 : 233-239.

• Present state of knowledge in the chemistry of substances of Cannabis sativa. II. Metabolites of cannabinoid substances, par Hanus, L.; Krejci, Z., in Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Fac. Med.. 1974. 71 : 253-264.

• Present state of knowledge in the chemistry of substances of Cannabis sativa. I. Substances of cannabinoid type, par Hanus, L.; Krejci, Z., in Acta Univ. Palacki. Olomuc., Fac. Med.. 1974. 71: 239-251.

• Quantitative variation in the chemical constituents of marihuana from stands of naturalized Cannabis sativa in east-central Illinois, par Haney, Alan; Kutscheid, Benjamin B., in Econ. Bot.. 1973. 27 (2) : 193-203.

• Chemical constituents of Cannabis sativa root, par Slatkin, David J.; Doorenbos, Norman J.; Harris, Louis S.; Masoud, Asaad N.; Quimby, Maynard W.; Schiff, Paul L., Jr., in J. Pharm. Sci.. 1971. 60 (12